Thousands of tons of waste are produced daily. If you concentrated the world’s waste, it would fill up England, Germany and France in one day. Multiply that by 365 days a year and the entire world would be eyeball deep in waste at the end of the year. Luckily, sound recycling management prevents this from happening. Understanding waste and how it is recycled is the key to preventing a worldwide disaster of epic proportions. To understand more about the recycling aspects of waste we attained the below information from rubbish removal experts Map Waste, a company based in Leicester, UK that specialise in commercial waste disposal.
The term “biodegradable” means an object is reduced to its base elements by the forces of nature. For example paper, if buried, will eventually decay into compost. Biodegradable waste is easy to recycle. Simply bury it, and it turns into compost. Large composting facilities do that by accepting biodegradeables such as food and paper out of skip companies. They pile the waste in bins and introduce earthworms to aid the process. After a while, the waste looks like topsoil which is sold to farmers and gardeners. For vegetable oils, special facilities leave liquid holding skips behind restaurants. The oils are sent to a rendering facility, where it’s refined and turned into fuel oil, cosmetics, and animal feed. Wood products are usually ground up, and sold as mulch.
Non-biodegradable means that the forces of nature will leave it intact. If a plastic bottle is buried, 100 years from now, it’s still a plastic bottle. However, non-biodegradable waste can be recycled. For example, glass bottles are melted down to make new glass products. Plastic is melted down to make new plastic products. Other common items are metals, which are melted down, and tyres which are ground up and used to make asphalt paving. Chemical waste is the hardest of all, since other chemicals must be introduced to break it down first. After broken down into simpler chemicals, it can be recycled.
Each particular type of waste has been studied extensively by specialists in the recycling industry. It all starts by placing waste in skips, which are hauled off to a recycling or disposal facility. The chief problem is that some objects have multiple kinds of materials that must be separated first. An old television, for example, contains plastic, copper, glass, and bits of paper. While recycling is not a perfect science, research is ongoing. One day in the future 100 percent of all products will be recycled, leading to a better world.